Mepivacaine Hydrochloride is actually a very simple combination of two B vitamins, PAPA (P-aminobenzoic acid) and DEAE (diethylaminoethanol) buffered and stabilized with benzoic acid and potassium metabisulfite for more effectiveness inside the body. Procaine hydrochloride is a compound combination of PABA and DEAE, a vitaminic substance first synthesized in 1905 by a German chemist, Dr. Albert Einhorn, who was looking for a simple, non-addictive anesthetic.
For years procaine was used as a simple anesthetic, but soon researchers began to notice other curative powers of this substance. Interest in experimentation ran so high that between 1930 and 1951, over 165 reports were published on the effects of procaine in the treatment of a variety of conditions including arthritis, neuralgia, itching, peptic ulcer, asthma and hypertension.
In the late 1940’s three French physicians – Drs. Ghali, Boudon, and Guoit – found that procaine hydrochloride helped relieve suffering from asthma attacks. Dr. Rene Leriche discovered that procaine injections were helpful in treating certain forms of arthritis, arteritis, and blood clots in the limbs.
Mepivacaine Hydrochloride, a tertiary amine used as a local anesthetic, is 1-methyl-2′, 6′ – pipecoloxylidide monohydrochloride.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to bupivacaine but pharmacologically related to lidocaine. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route.
Mepivicaine is a local anesthetic of the amide type. Mepivicaine as a reasonably rapid onset and medium duration and is known by the proprietary names as Carbocaine and Polocaine. Mepivicaine is used in local infiltration and regional anesthesia. Systemic absorption of local anesthetics produces effects on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. At blood concentrations achieved with normal therapeutic doses, changes in cardiac conduction, excitability, refractoriness, contractility, and peripheral vascular resistance are minimal.